MIME-Version: 1.0 X-Document-Type: Workbook Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="----=_NextPart_01CAF37A.B2F104E0" This document is a Single File Web Page, also known as a Web Archive file. If you are seeing this message, your browser or editor doesn't support Web Archive files. Please download a browser that supports Web Archive, such as Windows® Internet Explorer®. ------=_NextPart_01CAF37A.B2F104E0 Content-Location: file:///C:/A50992A5/WAStateTheConstitutionThatNeverWasRightsCompare.htm Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Type: text/html; charset="us-ascii" <body> <p>This page uses frames, but your browser doesn't support them.</p> </body> ------=_NextPart_01CAF37A.B2F104E0 Content-Location: file:///C:/A50992A5/WAStateTheConstitutionThatNeverWasRightsCompare_files/stylesheet.css Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Type: text/css; charset="us-ascii" tr {mso-height-source:auto;} col {mso-width-source:auto;} br {mso-data-placement:same-cell;} .style75 {color:blue; font-size:12.0pt; font-weight:400; font-style:normal; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0; mso-style-name:Hyperlink; mso-style-id:8;} a:link {color:blue; font-size:12.0pt; font-weight:400; font-style:normal; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0;} a:visited {color:purple; font-size:12.0pt; font-weight:400; font-style:normal; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0;} .style0 {mso-number-format:General; text-align:general; vertical-align:bottom; white-space:nowrap; mso-rotate:0; mso-background-source:auto; mso-pattern:auto; color:black; font-size:12.0pt; font-weight:400; font-style:normal; text-decoration:none; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0; border:none; mso-protection:locked visible; mso-style-name:Normal; mso-style-id:0;} .font6 {color:black; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; font-style:normal; text-decoration:none; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0;} .font8 {color:black; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:400; font-style:normal; text-decoration:none; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0;} .font10 {color:black; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:400; font-style:normal; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0;} .font12 {color:black; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; font-style:normal; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0;} .font14 {color:purple; font-size:12.0pt; font-weight:700; font-style:normal; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0;} .font15 {color:purple; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:400; font-style:normal; text-decoration:none; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0;} .font16 {color:purple; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:400; font-style:normal; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0;} .font17 {color:purple; font-size:14.0pt; font-weight:700; font-style:normal; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0;} .font18 {color:windowtext; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:400; font-style:normal; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0;} .font19 {color:windowtext; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:400; font-style:normal; text-decoration:none; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0;} .font20 {color:black; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:400; font-style:italic; text-decoration:none; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0;} .font21 {color:black; font-size:12.0pt; font-weight:700; font-style:normal; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0;} td {mso-style-parent:style0; padding-top:1px; padding-right:1px; padding-left:1px; mso-ignore:padding; color:black; font-size:12.0pt; font-weight:400; font-style:normal; text-decoration:none; font-family:Calibri, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0; mso-number-format:General; text-align:general; vertical-align:bottom; border:none; mso-background-source:auto; mso-pattern:auto; mso-protection:locked visible; white-space:nowrap; mso-rotate:0;} .xl65 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:14.0pt; text-align:center; border:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#FFFF99; mso-pattern:black none;} .xl66 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:14.0pt; text-align:center; border-top:.5pt solid windowtext; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; background:#FCD5B4; mso-pattern:black none;} .xl67 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:14.0pt; text-align:center; border-top:.5pt solid windowtext; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; background:red; mso-pattern:black none;} .xl68 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext;} .xl69 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none;} .xl70 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; white-space:normal;} .xl71 {mso-style-parent:style75; color:blue; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext;} .xl72 {mso-style-parent:style75; color:blue; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none;} .xl73 {mso-style-parent:style75; color:blue; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; white-space:normal;} .xl74 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; white-space:normal;} .xl75 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext;} .xl76 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none;} .xl77 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#330066; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#FAC090; mso-pattern:black none;} .xl78 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; background:#FAC090; mso-pattern:black none;} .xl79 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#330066; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; white-space:normal;} .xl80 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#B8CCE4; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl81 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; white-space:normal;} .xl82 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#330066; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#FFFFCC; mso-pattern:black none;} .xl83 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; background:#FFFFCC; mso-pattern:black none;} .xl84 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; background:#FFFFCC; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl85 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#330066; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; white-space:normal;} .xl86 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; white-space:normal;} .xl87 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#B8CCE4; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl88 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; background:#DBE5F1; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl89 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; background:#DBEEF3; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl90 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#B8CCE4; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl91 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#330066; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; white-space:normal;} .xl92 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#9C0006; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; background:#FFC7CE; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl93 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#330066; font-size:11.0pt; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; white-space:normal;} .xl94 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#330066; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; white-space:normal;} .xl95 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#B8CCE4; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl96 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt;} .xl97 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#330066; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext;} .xl98 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#330066; font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:700; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none;} .xl99 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#FF9F9F; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl100 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#330066; font-size:11.0pt; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext;} .xl101 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; font-style:italic; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; white-space:normal;} .xl102 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none;} .xl103 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#330066; font-size:11.0pt; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#B8CCE4; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl104 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#330066; font-size:8.0pt; font-weight:700; font-family:Verdana, sans-serif; mso-font-charset:0; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; white-space:normal;} .xl105 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; text-align:left; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; white-space:normal;} .xl106 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:purple; font-size:11.0pt; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; background:#FFC7CE; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl107 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#006100; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:none; background:#C6EFCE; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl108 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top;} .xl109 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:.5pt solid windowtext; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:none; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; white-space:normal;} .xl110 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:.5pt solid windowtext; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:none; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:red; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl111 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:red; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl112 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; font-style:italic; vertical-align:top; border-top:.5pt solid windowtext; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:none; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; white-space:normal;} .xl113 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; font-style:italic; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; white-space:normal;} .xl114 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#9C0006; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:.5pt solid windowtext; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:none; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#FFC7CE; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl115 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#9C0006; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#FFC7CE; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl116 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:black; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:.5pt solid windowtext; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:none; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#B8CCE4; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl117 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#006100; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:.5pt solid windowtext; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:none; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#C6EFCE; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl118 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#006100; font-size:11.0pt; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#C6EFCE; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl119 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#006100; font-size:11.0pt; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; vertical-align:top; border-top:.5pt solid windowtext; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:none; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#C6EFCE; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} .xl120 {mso-style-parent:style0; color:#006100; font-size:11.0pt; text-decoration:underline; text-underline-style:single; vertical-align:top; border-top:none; border-right:.5pt solid windowtext; border-bottom:.5pt solid windowtext; border-left:.5pt solid windowtext; background:#C6EFCE; mso-pattern:black none; white-space:normal;} ------=_NextPart_01CAF37A.B2F104E0 Content-Location: file:///C:/A50992A5/WAStateTheConstitutionThatNeverWasRightsCompare_files/tabstrip.htm Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Type: text/html; charset="us-ascii"
 WA State The= Constitution That  
------=_NextPart_01CAF37A.B2F104E0 Content-Location: file:///C:/A50992A5/WAStateTheConstitutionThatNeverWasRightsCompare_files/sheet001.htm Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Type: text/html; charset="us-ascii"
Original 1878 State of Washington Constitution 1889 State of Washingt= on Constitution 2010 State of Washingt= on Constitution
SOURCES: SOURCES: SOURCES:
http://www.c= rtf.org/waconst.html http://www.sos.wa.gov/history/constitution.aspx http://www.leg.wa.gov/LawsAndAgencyRules/Pages/constit= ution.aspx
http://www.sos.wa.gov/_assets/history/1878Constitution= .pdf http://www.sos.wa.gov/_assets/history/1889-Constitutio= n-bw.pdf  
  http://www.sos.wa.gov/_assets/history/1889-Constitutio= n-color.pdf  
  http://www.digitalarchives.wa.gov/state/washington/Sta= ticContent/Top10/Constitution.djvu  
     
Article II Eminent D= omain See Section 16 See Section 16
Section 3.    
The people of the state, in their right of sovereignty, are declared to posse= ss the ultimate property in and to all lands within the jurisdiction of the state, and all lands, the title to which shall fail from a defect of heir= s, shall revert or escheat to the state.     
     
Article V Declaratio= n of Rights Article I Declaration of Rights Article I Declaration = of Rights
Section 1. Section 1. Section 1.
All political power is inherent in the people, and all free governments were founded on their authority. All Political powers i= s inherent in the people, and government derive their just power from the governed, = and are established to protect and maintain individual rights  All political power is inherent in the peopl= e, and governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed, and are established to protect and maintain individual rights.
   
Section 2. Section 2. Section 2.
The people in this state have the sole right to alter or abolish their constitution and form of government whenever they deem it necessary to the safety and happiness provided such changes be not repugnant to the Constitution of the United States. The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the land. The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the land.
 
Section 3. Section 3. Section 3.
All persons are by nature free, and equally entitled to certain natural right= s; among which are, those of enjoying and defending their lives and libertie= s, of acquiring, possessing, and protecting property, and seeking and obtain= ing happiness. To secure these rights, governments are instituted, deriving t= heir just powers from the consent of the governed. No person shall be dep= rived of life, liberty or  property, without due proce= ss of law. No person shall be dep= rived of life, liberty or  property, without due process of law.
     
Section 4. Section 4.  
All persons have a natural and indefensible right to worship God according to= the dictates of their consciences. No person shall be compelled to attend, er= ect, or support any place of worship against his consent and no preference sha= ll be given by law to any religious society, nor shall any interference with= the rights of conscience be permitted. No religious test shall be required as= a qualification for office; nor shall any person be incompetent to be a wit= ness on account of his opinions on matters of religion; but nothing herein sha= ll be construed to dispense with oaths or affirmations; but by the liberty of conscience hereby secured shall not be construed so as to excuse acts of licentiousness or practices inconsistent with the peace or safety of the state. The right to petition = and of the people peaceably to assemble for the common good shall never be abridged.= The right to petition = and of the people peaceably to assemble for the common good shall never be abridged.=
     
Section 5. Section 5. Section 5.
No person shall be deprived of life, liberty or prope= rty, without due process of law, or be denied the equal prot= ection of the law. Every person may freel= y speak, write and publish on all subjects, being responsible fro the abuse of that right. Every person may freel= y speak, write and publish on all subjects, being responsible fro the abuse of that right.
     
Section 6. Section 6. Section 6.
No person on account of law, shall be disqualified to enter upon and pursue = any of the lawful business associations or professions of life. The mode of administra= ting an oath, or affirmation, shall be such as may be most consistent with and binding upon the conscience of the person to whom such oath, or affirmati= on, may be administered The mode of administra= ting an oath, or affirmation, shall be such as may be most consistent with and binding upon the conscience of the person to whom such oath, or affirmati= on, may be administered
     
Section 7. Section 7. Section 7.
Every person may freely speak write and publish his opinions on all subjects be= ing responsible for the abuse of that liberty; and no laws shall be passed to restrain or abridge the liberty of speech or of the press. In all prosecutions for libel, the truth may be given in evidence to the jury, a= nd if it appears that the matter charged a libelous be true, and was publish= ed with good motives and justifiable ends, the party accused shall be acquit= ted; and the jury shall have the right to determine the law and the fact. No person shall be dis= turbed in his private affairs, or his home invaded, without authority of law No person shall be dis= turbed in his private affairs, or his home invaded, without authority of law
     
Section 8. Section 8. Section 8.
No person shall be held to answer for a criminal offense without due process= of law, and no person for the same offense shall be put twice in jeopardy of punishment, nor again be put upon trial for the same offense after having been acquitted by a jury, nor shall be compelled, in any criminal cause, = to be a witness against himself. All persons shall, before conviction in any conviction, be bailable by sufficient surety, except for murder in the fi= rst degree, and treason, where the proof is evident or the presumption great,= and the privilege of habeas corpus shall not be suspended unless, when, in ca= se of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may require. The right to tri= al by jury of twelve persons shall remain inviolate in all criminal cases. A= jury in a civil cause, in all courts, may consist in less than twelve, as may = be prescribed by law, and the concurrence of three fourths of the whole numb= er of the jury shall be sufficient for a verdict, provided that the right ma= y be waived by the parties, in such manner as may be provided by law. Hereafte= r a grand jury shall consist of seven persons, any five of whom concurring, m= ay find an indictment, provided, the legislature may change, regulate, aboli= sh, or re-establish the grand jury system. No law granting irrevo= cably any privilege, franchise, or immunity, shall be passed by the Legislature. No law granting irrevo= cably any privilege, franchise, or immunity, shall be passed by the Legislature.
     
Section 9. Section 9. Section 9.
Every person in the state shall be entitled to a certain remedy in the law, for= all wrongs and injuries which he may receive in his person, character or property; justice shall be administered to all, freely, and without purch= ase, completely, and without denial, promptly and without delay; and all courts shall be open to the public No person shall be com= pelled in any criminal case to give evidence against himself, or be twice put in jeopardy for the same offense. No person shall be com= pelled in any criminal case to give evidence against himself, or be twice put in jeopardy for the same offense.
     
Section 10. Section 10. Section 10.
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, papers, houses and eff= ects against unreasonable seizures and searches shall not be violated; and no warrant shall issue except upon probable cause, sup= ported by oath or affirmation in writing, describing, as nearly as may be, the p= lace to be searched, and the person or thing to be seized. Justice in all cases s= hall be administered openly and without unnecessary delay. Justice in all cases s= hall be administered openly and without unnecessary delay.
     
Section 11. Section 11. Section 11.
There shall never be in this state, involuntary servitude= , save as punishment for crime, where the party shall have been duly convicted.<= /font> Absolute freedom of co= nscience in all matters of religious sentiment, belief, and worship, shall be guaranteed to every individual, and no one shall be molested or disturbed= in person, or property, = on account of religion; but the liberty of conscience hereby secured shall n= ot be so construed as to excuse acts of licentiousness, or justify practices inconsistent with the peace and safety of the State.  No public money or property shall be appropria= ted for, or applied to any religious worship, exercise or instruction, or the supp= ort of any religious establishement.  No religious qualification shall be required for any public office= , or employment, nor shall any person be incompetent as a witness, or juror, in subsequence of his opinion on matters of religion, nor be questoned in any court of justice touching his religious&= nbsp; belief to affect the weight of his testimony. Absolute freedom of co= nscience in all matters of religious sentiment, belief, and worship, shall be guaranteed to every individual, and no one shall be molested or disturbed= in person, or property, = on account of religion; but the liberty of conscience hereby secured shall n= ot be so construed as to excuse acts of licentiousness, or justify practices inconsistent with the peace and safety of the State.  No public money or property shall be appropria= ted for, or applied to any religious worship, exercise or instruction, or the supp= ort of any religious establishement.  No religious qualification shall be required for any public office= , or employment, nor shall any person be incompetent as a witness, or juror, in subsequence of his opinion on matters of religion, nor be questoned in any court of justice touching his religious&= nbsp; belief to affect the weight of his testimony.
     
Section 12. Section 12. Section 12.
No person shall be imprisoned for debt except in the case of fraud in contracting the same or an absconding debtor, having means legally applic= able to the due payment of his debts or some part thereof. No law shall be passed= granting to any citizen, class of citizens, or corporation = other than municipal, privileges or immunities wh= ich upon the same terms shall not equally belong to all citizens, or corporations. No law shall be passed= granting to any citizen, class of citizens, or corporation = other than municipal, privileges or immunities wh= ich upon the same terms shall not equally belong to all citizens, or corporations.
     
Section 13. Section 13. Section 13.
In criminal prosecutions, the accused shall have the right to appear and def= end in person and by counsel; to demand the nature and cause of the accusatio= n; to have a copy thereof; to testify in his own behalf, to meet the witness= es against him face to face to have process to compel the attendance of witnesses in his behalf; and a speedy just trial by an impartial jury of = the county or district in which the offense is alleged to have been committed= . The privilege of the w= rit of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless in case of rebellion or inva= sion or the public safety requires it. <= /span> The privilege of the w= rit of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless in case of rebellion or inva= sion or the public safety requires it. <= /span>
     
Section 14. Section 14. Section 14.
No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or any law impairing the obligation of contracts, or making any irrevocable grant of special privileges, franchi= ses or immunities, shall be passed by the legislature. Excessive bail shall not be required, excess= ive fines imposed, nor cruel punishment inflicted. Excessive bail shall not be required, excess= ive fines imposed, nor cruel punishment inflicted.
 
     
Section 15. Section 15. Section 15.
Private property shall not be taken or damaged for public use without just compensation; and no persons particular service shall be required without just payment therefor. No conviction shall work corruption of blood, nor forfeiture of estate. No conviction shall work corruption of blood, nor forfeiture of estate.
 
     
Section 16. Section 16. Section 16.
The right of the people to peacefully assemble and consult for the common good and to petition for the redress of grievance, shall never be restrained or abridged. Private property shall= not be taken for private use, except for private ways of necessity, and for drains, flumes, or ditches on or across the lands of others for agricultural, domestic, or sanitary purposes. No private property shall be taken or damaged for public or private use with= out just compensation having been first made, or paid into court for the owne= r, and no right-of-way shall be appropriated to the use of any corporation o= ther than municipal until full compensation therefor be first made in money, or ascertained and paid into court for the owner, irrespective of any benefit from any improvement proposed by such corporation, which compensation sha= ll be ascertained by a jury, unless a jury be waived, as in other civil case= s in courts of record, in the manner prescribed by law. Whenever an attempt is= made to take private property for a use alleged to be public, the question whe= ther the contemplated use be really public shall be a judicial question, and determined as such, without regard to any legislative assertion that the = use is public. Private property shall= not be taken for private use, except for private ways of necessity, and for drains, flumes, or ditches on or across the lands of others for agricultural, domestic, or sanitary purposes. No private property shall be taken or damaged for public or private use with= out just compensation having been first made, or paid into court for the owne= r, and no right-of-way shall be appropriated to the use of any corporation o= ther than municipal until full compensation therefor be first made in money, or ascertained and paid into court for the owner, irrespective of any benefit from any improvement proposed by such corporation, which compensation sha= ll be ascertained by a jury, unless a jury be waived, as in other civil case= s in courts of record, in the manner prescribed by law. Whenever an attempt is= made to take private property for a use alleged to be public, the question whe= ther the contemplated use be really public shall be a judicial question, and determined as such, without regard to any legislative assertion that the = use is public: Provided, That the taking of private property by the state for land reclamation and settlement purposes is hereby declared to be for pub= lic use. [AMENDMENT 9, 1919 p 385 Section 1. Approved November, 1920.]=
Section 17. Section 17. Section 17.
The military shall always be in strict subordination to the civil powers. There shall be no imprisonment for debt, exc= ept in cases of absconding debtors. There shall be no imprisonment for debt, exc= ept in cases of absconding debtors.
 
Section 18. Section 18. Section 18.
All laws in the possession, enjoyment and decent of the property, shall be alike applicable to resident aliens and citizens.<= /font> The military shall be in strict subordinatio= n to the civil power. The military shall be in strict subordinatio= n to the civil power.
 
Section 19. Section 19. Section 19.
The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed, but this shall not be construed as to justify the carrying of concealed weapons. All Elections shall be free and equal, and no power, civil or military, shall at any time interfere to prevent the free exercise of the right of suffrage. All Elections shall be free and equal, and no power, civil or military, shall at any time interfere to prevent the free exercise of the right of suffrage.
 
Section 20  Section 20 = Section 20 =
All elections shall be free and open, and no power, civil or military, shall interfere to prevent the free exercise of the right of suffrage. All persons charged with crime shall be bail= able by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses when the proof is evident, or the presumption great. All persons charged with crime shall be bail= able by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses when the proof is evident, or the presumption great.
 
Section 21. Section 21. Section 21.
Treason against the state shall consist only in levying war against the same, or adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort; and no person shall= be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on his own confession in open court. The right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate, but the legislature may provide for a jury of any number less = than twelve in courts not of record, and for a verdict by nine or more jurors = in civil cases in any court of record, and for waiving of the jury in civil cases where the consent of the parties interested is given thereto. The right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate, but the legislature may provide for a jury of any number less = than twelve in courts not of record, and for a verdict by nine or more jurors = in civil cases in any court of record, and for waiving of the jury in civil cases where the consent of the parties interested is given thereto.
 
Section 22. Section 22. Section 22.
No person shall be transported out of the state for any offense committed wi= th the same, and no conviction shall work a corruption of blood or forfeitur= e of estate. In criminal prosecution, the accused shall h= ave the right to appear and defend in person, and by counsel, to demand the nature and cause of the accusation against him, to have a copy thereof, to testify in his own behalf, to meet the witnesses against him face to face= , to have compulsory process to compel the attendance of witnesses in his own behalf, to have a speedy public trial by an impartial jury of the county = in which the offense is alleged to have been committed, and the right to app= eal in all cases; and, in no instance, shall any accused person before final judgment be compelled to advance money or fees to secure the rights herein guaranteed. In criminal prosecutions the accused shall h= ave the right to appear and defend in person, or by counsel, to demand the na= ture and cause of the accusation against him, to have a copy thereof, to testi= fy in his own behalf, to meet the witnesses against him face to face, to have compulsory process to compel the attendance of witnesses in his own behal= f, to have a speedy public trial by an impartial jury of the county in which= the offense is charged to have been committed and the right to appeal in all = cases: Provided, The route t= raversed by any railway coach, train or public conveyance, and the water traversed= by any boat shall be criminal districts; and the jurisdiction of all public offenses committed on any such railway car, coach, train, boat or other public conveyance, or at any station or depot upon such route, shall be in any county through which the said car, coach, train, boat or other public conveyance may pass during the trip or voyage, or in which the trip or vo= yage may begin or terminate. In no instance shall any accused person before fi= nal judgment be compelled to advance money or fees to secure the rights herein guaranteed. [AMENDMENT 10, 1921 p 79 Section 1. Approved November, 1922.]
 
     
Section 23. Section 23. Section 23.
All lands within the state are declared to be allodial= , and feudal tenures, with all their incidents, are proh= ibited. Liens and grants of agricultural lands for a longer ter= m than fifteen years, in which rent or services of any kind shall be reserved, a= nd all fines and like restraints upon alienation reserved in any grant of la= nd hereafter made, are declared to be void. No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or = law impairing the obligations of contracts shall ever be passed. No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or = law impairing the obligations of contracts shall ever be passed.
 
Section 24. Section 24. Section 24.
No law shall be passed, granting to any citizen or class of citizens, privileges= or immunities which, upon the same terms, shall not equally belong to all citizens. The right of the individual citizen to bear = arms in defense of himself, or the state, shall not be impaired, but nothing in this section shall be construed as author= izing individuals or corporations to organize, maintain or employ an armed body= of men. The right of the individual citizen to bear = arms in defense of himself, or the state, shall not be impaired, but nothing in this section shall be construed as authorizing individuals or corporation= s to organize, maintain or employ an armed body of men.
 
     
Section 25. Section 25. Section 25.
 The operation of the laws shall n= ever be suspended, except by the authority of the legislature. Offenses heretofore required to be prosecute= d by indictment may be prosecuted by information, or by indictment, as shall be prescribed by law. Offenses heretofore required to be prosecute= d by indictment may be prosecuted by information, or by indictment, as shall be prescribed by law.
 
     
Section 26. Section 26. Section 26.
The enumeration of this constitution of certain rights, shall not be construe= d to deny, impair or disparage others retained by the people. No Grand jury shall b= e drawn or summoned in any county, EXCEPT the superior judge thereof shall so order.= No Grand jury shall be= drawn or summoned in any county, except the superior judge thereof shall so order.
     
  Section 27. Section 27.
  Treason against the state shall consist only= in levying war against the state, or adhering to its enemies, or in giving t= hem aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or confession in open court. Treason against the state shall consist only= in levying war against the state, or adhering to its enemies, or in giving t= hem aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or confession in open court.
 
     
  Section 28. Section 28.
  No hereditary emoluments, privileges, or pow= ers, shall be granted or conferred in this state. No hereditary emoluments, privileges, or pow= ers, shall be granted or conferred in this state.
 
     
  Section 29. Section 29.
  The provisions of this Constitution are mandatory, unless by express words they are declared to be otherwise. The provisions of this Constitution are mandatory, unless by express words they are declared to be otherwise.
 
     
  Section 30. Section 30.
  The enumeration in this Constitution of cert= ain rights shall not be construed to deny others retained by the people. The enumeration in this Constitution of cert= ain rights shall not be construed to deny others retained by the people.
 
     
  Section 31. Section 31.
  No standing army shall be kept up by this st= ate in time of peace, and no soldier shall in time of peace be quartered in a= ny house without the consent of its owner, nor in time of war except in the manner prescribed by law. No standing army shall be kept up by this st= ate in time of peace, and no soldier shall in time of peace be quartered in a= ny house without the consent of its owner, nor in time of war except in the manner prescribed by law.
 
     
  Section 32. Section 32.
  A frequent recurrence to fundamental princip= les is essential to the security of individual right and the perpetuity of fr= ee government. A frequent recurrence to fundamental princip= les is essential to the security of individual right and the perpetuity of fr= ee government.
 
     
    Section 33.
    Every elective public officer of the state of Washington expect [except] judges of courts of record is subject to recall and discharge by the legal voters of the state, or of the political subdivision of the state, from which he was elected whenever a petition demanding his recall, reciting that such officer has committed some act or acts of malfeasance or misfeasance while in office, or who has violated h= is oath of office, stating the matters complained of, signed by the percenta= ges of the qualified electors thereof, hereinafter provided, the percentage required to be computed from the total number of votes cast for all candidates for his said office to which he was elected at the preceding election, is filed with the officer with whom a petition for nomination, = or certificate for nomination, to such office must be filed under the laws of this state, and the same officer shall call a special election as provide= d by the general election laws of this state, and the result determined as the= rein provided. [AMENDMENT 8, 1911 p 504 Section 1. Approved November, 1912.]
   
     
    Section 34.
    The legislature shall pass the necessary law= s to carry out the provisions of section thirty-three (33) of this article, an= d to facilitate its operation and effect without delay: Provided, That the authority hereby conferred upon the legislature= shall not be construed to grant to the legislature any exclusive power of lawma= king nor in any way limit the initiative and referendum powers reserved by the people. The percentages required shall be, state officers, other than jud= ges, senators and representatives, city officers of cities of the first class, school district boards in cities of the first class; county officers of counties of the first, second and third classes, twenty-five per cent. Officers of all other political subdivisions, cities, towns, townships, precincts and school districts not herein mentioned, and state senators a= nd representatives, thirty-five per cent. [AMEN= DMENT 8, 1911 p 504 Section 1. Approved November, = 1912.]
   
    Section 35.
    Effective law enforcem= ent depends on cooperation from victims of crime. To ensure victims a meaning= ful role in the criminal justice system and to accord them due dignity and respect, victims of crime are hereby granted the following basic and fundamental rights.
    Upon notifying the pro= secuting attorney, a victim of a crime charged as a felony shall have the right to= be informed of and, subject to the discretion of the individual presiding ov= er the trial or court proceedings, attend trial and all other court proceedi= ngs the defendant has the right to attend, and to make a statement at sentenc= ing and at any proceeding where the defendant's release is considered, subjec= t to the same rules of procedure which govern the defendant's rights. In the e= vent the victim is deceased, incompetent, a minor, or otherwise unavailable, t= he prosecuting attorney may identify a representative to appear to exercise = the victim's rights. This provision shall not constitute a basis for error in favor of a defendant in a criminal proceeding nor a basis for providing a victim or the victim's representative with court appointed counsel. [AMENDMENT 84, 1989 Senate Jo= int Resolution No. 8200, p 2999. Approved November 7, 1989.]
------=_NextPart_01CAF37A.B2F104E0 Content-Location: file:///C:/A50992A5/WAStateTheConstitutionThatNeverWasRightsCompare_files/filelist.xml Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Type: text/xml; charset="utf-8" ------=_NextPart_01CAF37A.B2F104E0--